At a glance

Energy access in Chad is extremely limited, reaching only 6.4% for electricity and 4.8% for non-solid fuels for cooking and heating.

The country however is rich of energy resources, including fossil fuels in the south and renewable energies: it is one of the countries with strongest solar energy potential and with also potential for wind energy. Some renewable or hybrid projects have been designed but so far however the the electricity is being produced exclusively from diesel generation. The Chad is living an energy crisis that undermine its development possibilities, the national utility is facing challenges for the inadequacy of its transmission and distribution network, its commercial performance and financial equilibrium. In the capital N’Djamena the network is very obsolete and covers only one third of the surface, while in other cities the network is more recent and adequate to future developments. Gas is available for cooking in the capital – where it is used by 25% of the households – but in rural areas almost wood fuel is used.

Chad completed a SEforALL Gap Analysis / Rapid Assessment.


SEforALL Action Agenda Objectives2030
Electricity Access, nationaln.a.
Access to clean cooking, national n.a.
Renewable Energy Outputn.a.
Renewable Energy Consumptionn.a.
Energy Efficiencyn.a.
Country Action DocumentsStatus
Rapid AssessmentFinalized
Action Agenda n.a.
Investment Prospectusn.a.

Country statistics

Access to electricity (% of population)6.4%7.2%8.0%8.8%
Urban (% of urban population)18.3%19.4%20.2%2.2%
Rural (% of rural population)3.1%3.8%4.5%31.4%
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking (% of population)3.1%3.3%3.6%3.1%
Population, total11.9 Million12.7 Million13.6 Million14.5 Million
Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption)90.8%90.7%89.2%-
Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output)----
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)----