At a glance
Burundi is one of the least electrified countries globally currently at 7% overall, with 59% of the urban and only 1% of the rural population connected to electricity. The Global Tracking Framework estimates the national access to clean cooking solutions at 2%.
Energy situation is characterized by insufficient power supply to meet the demand, preventing economic takeoff, the use of firewood as the main energy source for most artisanal or industrial activities and for cooking fuel for the main majority of the population.
Besides the low generating capacity, the key problem of the whole energy sector of Burundi is the scarcity of technical and management skills which affects the prospects for developing the country's energy resources, and it also reduces the scope for effective policy-making and the planning and operations of energy producing, marketing, and consuming institutions.
Burundi has natural conditions favorable to the sustainable use of water and solar energy or wind power. The solar potential of Burundi is very interesting. The average annual power received is around 2000 kWh / m².year equivalent to the best European regions (southern Mediterranean). One of the main challenge is also to develop a sustainable wood fire supply.
The country has substantial potential for hydroelectric power and the government plans for expansion base mainly on hydropower. Thermal power production is considered a temporary measure to bridge the short term gap between demand and supply. The focus of the energy policy is on rehabilitation of existing (hydropower)plants and distribution grids as well as the development of new hydroelectric sites. Furthermore a rural electrification program is planned mainly by grid extension and by providing information on alternative energy sources affordable for low-income households.
Burundi joined the SEforALL initiative and developed a Rapid Assessment in June 2013.
The SEforALL implementation is followed by a focal point in the Ministry of Energy and Mines.
Burundi SEforALL focal point
Ministère de l’Energie et des Mines
|SEforAll Action Agenda Objectives||2030|
|Electricity Access, national||n.a.|
|Access to clean cooking, national||n.a.|
|Renewable Energy Output||n.a.|
|Renewable Energy Consumption||n.a.|
|Country Action Documents||Status|
|Investment Prospectus||Under development|
|Access to electricity (% of population)||5.3%||6.5%||7%||7.6%|
|Urban (% of urban population)||49%||58.5%||52.1%||1.7%|
|Rural (% of rural population)||1%||1.2%||2%||49.7%|
|Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking (% of population)||2.0%||2.0%||2.1%||0.8%|
|Population, total||9.5 Million||10.1 Million||10.8 Million||10.5 Million|
|Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption)||96.8%||94.0%||90.0%||-|
|Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output)||87.7%||98.0%||80.7%||-|
|Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)||-||-||-||-|