At a glance

The country has great potential in the energy sector: hydroelectricity (the second in Africa after the Democratic Republic of Congo), gas, and renewable energy. Less than 5 % of hydroelectricity potentials (estimated to 20 GW) are actually exploited, and proven untapped gas reserves estimated at 171.7 billion m3 in December 2016. The country also has significant renewable energy potentials, with important forest areas in the south of Adamawa. Firewood is still the first source of energy for households, especially in rural areas.

Cameroon is part of The Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), that recently adopted the White Paper of CEEAC and CEMAC on a Regional policy for universal access to modern energy services and economic and social development (2014-2030), adopting specific targets regarding energy access, energy efficiency and renewable energies – in line with the Sustainable Energy for All initiative. At a national level, a Rapid Assessment / Gap Analysis of the energy sector was produced and will be updated in early 2016. Since December 2015, the country has embarked in the process of developing its national SEforALL Action Agenda and Investment Prospectus with the technical assistance of the SEforALL Africa Hub. 

Stakeholders gathered for a Kick-off Workshop of the national SEforALL country action process from April 28-29, 2016 in Yaounde. This event marked the launch of the development of the SEforALL Action Agenda and Investment Prospectus. This process is expected to be finalized in the beginning of 2019.

The SEforALL implementation is followed by a focal point in the Ministry of Water Resources and Energy.


Map of Cameroon

Country contacts

Cameroon SEforALL focal point

Mrs NDOKAP Epse, EYA Ignès Carinne

in Charge of National Energy Information System

Ministry of Water Resources and Energy 

SEforALL Action Agenda Objectives2030
Electricity Access, national100%
Access to clean cooking, national n.a.
Renewable Energy Outputn.a.
Renewable Energy Consumptionn.a.
Energy Efficiencyn.a.
Country Action DocumentsStatus
Rapid AssessmentFinalized
Action Agenda Under development
Investment ProspectusUnder development

Country statistics

Access to electricity (% of population)52.9%55.2%56.8%60.1%
Urban (% of urban population)86%88%89.2%91.9%
Rural (% of rural population)17.7%18.8%22.2%21.3%
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking (% of population)17.6%19.4%21.1%23.0%
Population, total20.6 Million21.7 Million22.2 Million23.4 Million
Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption)78.6%78.1%77.4%-
Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output)73.2%72.9%74.3%-
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)258.3245.4274.1-

Country statistics source: The World Bank 

Data collection was not exhaustive and, in accordance with the Electricity Act of 2014, renewable energies do not take into account large hydropower (i.e. production units with power installed greater than 5MW).

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