At a glance

Policy objectives with regards to energy access are ensuring improved security of supply and reliability of energy supply to all sectors of the economy. Government has set national electricity access target of 82 % by 2016 and 100% by 2030.

Botswana relies mainly on electricity, coal, fuelwood and petroleum for its energy demands. Total energy supply for the country in 2008 was 1604.10 toe with petroleum being the major supplier followed by coal (29%) and Electricity (17%). Renewable energy resources for Botswana are solar, wind, and various forms of bioenergy that include biofuels and biomass wastes .Botswana has no perennial rivers and large dams and therefore has no potential for hydro-power. Regarding solar, Botswana has direct normal irradiation (DNI) of 3000kwh/m2/year, which is among the highest in the world. The area bordering Botswana, South Africa and Namibia is among the areas with the highest DNI. It is estimated that using less than 1% of the country area, Botswana could meet its current electricity consumption.

At a national level, a Rapid Assessment / Gap Analysis of the energy sector was produced and following a request dated January 2016, the country will embarked in the process of developing its national SE4All Action Agenda and Investment Prospectus with the technical assistance of the SE4All Africa Hub. The development process will start by mid-2016 and is expected to be finalized early 2017.

 The SE4All implementation is followed by a focal point in the Ministry of Minerals, Energy and Water Resources


Country contacts

Botswana SE4All focal point

Ministry of Minerals, Energy and Water Resources

News from Botswana

SE4All Action Agenda Objectives2030
Electricity Access, nationaln.a.
Access to clean cooking, national n.a.
Renewable Energy Outputn.a.
Renewable Energy Consumptionn.a.
Energy Efficiencyn.a.
Country Action DocumentsStatus
Rapid AssessmentFinalized
Action Agenda Under development
Investment ProspectusUnder development


Country statistics

Access to electricity (% of population)27.2%48.0%52.2%56.5%
Urban (% of urban population)38.0%61.4%66.1%70.7%
Rural (% of rural population)14.9%30.8%34.1%37.5%
Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking (% of population)45.7%57.8%60.2%62.5%
Population, total1.7 Million2.0 Million2.1 Million2.2 Million
Renewable energy consumption (% of total final energy consumption)36.6%30.2%30.3%29.2%
Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output)---0.0%
Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)1,093.51,514.81,679.51,708.2